Үлгі:S-start

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S-Start is the initial component in a template series for succession boxes. It replaces the previous formats for succession tables but still allows for most of their use indirectly. In the new format, every succession box begins with s-start, and thus it is an essential component of the new system. If you find a succession template not in this standard, please contact Whaleyland or WikiProject Succession Box Standardization.

The purpose of this page is to document the whole succession system based on s-start and to provide instructions for the correct creation and editing of succession boxes. The page is divided into three large sections: the first one provides a brief overview of the succession templates and an explanation of the function of parameters; the second one gives instructions for the creation of succession boxes; the third section goes further into detail about the succession templates and gives examples of their use. Complete examples of succession boxes of varying complexity are given in the end.

Templates examined in this page

Template s-start is to be used with the rest of the succession templates. The following is a list of all succession templates, with the exception of headers:

The first five items on the list are the most basic for the creation of succession boxes and the most heavily used throughout Wikipedia; the others (with the exception of s-hou and s-line) are used as substitutes for one of the first five, depending on the circumstances.

Note that s-line is not currently described in this page, something that will, however, change in the future.

A list of the templates and all their parameters, along with basic information about the use of each template and parameter, can be found in SBS's Cheatsheet.

Parameters

Most templates work in the same way: the template's name is written between double curly brackets, and the text of the template appears in the page. A basic difference of succession templates is that most of them require the editor to include names, titles, or other text that will be displayed in the boxes, and which is different every time.

Such text is inserted into the templates by means of parameters, single words separated from the template name and from each other by means of pipes ( | ). The function of parameters is to alter the appearance of the cells created by these templates, usually by adding specially formatted text or changing the text already present. When a template is to include manual text, that is separated from the parameter word by an equal sign ( = ). Blank spaces may be inserted between the text and the pipes, equal signs, and double curly brackets, but this is not necessary and can sometimes even be confusing.

In the following example, "s-vac" is the name of the template, "abeyance" is a parameter without manual text, and "last" is a parameter with manual text, in this case enclosed in double square brackets (thus wiki-linked).

{{s-vac|abeyance|last=[[George Smith]]}}

Most succession templates accept parameters; the inclusion of some of them is essential for the correct function of the templates, while the inclusion of others is optional. The only templates from the list of the previous section that do not accept any parameters are s-start/start and s-end/end. Most of the header templates, however, are also used without parameters.

There are various types of parameters. There are parameters that allow for the inclusion of text, both obligatory and optional. The row parameter allows for the creation of complex templates and is described lower in this page. And the title parameters change the text normally appearing in s-new, s-inc, and s-vac.

Instructions for use

There are many types of succession boxes, as the combinations of the various templates previously mentioned are virtually endless. We shall begin by demonstrating the use of simple boxes, and proceed with the analysis of more complex boxes of many lines and multiple titles.

Simple boxes

The very purpose of a succession box is to show the place of the subject of the box (the person whose article the box is in) in a succession of people (henceforth referred to as a succession chain). Because of this, most boxes include three people, namely the subject, their predecessor, and their successor.

The quintessential succession box consists of three cells, which go from left to right in the same order that the three persons' terms succeeded each other: the left cell names the predecessor, the middle one names the title of the subject and the years that mark their term in an office (the person's name is already mentioned in the article's title and is thus not repeated here), and the right one names the successor.

Simply enough, the creation of a box follows the same order. First comes the predecessor (template s-bef), the title and years follow (template s-ttl), and then comes the successor (template s-aft). It should not be forgotten, of course, that every succession box opens with the s-start template, and ends with the end template. Each command should be given its own line.

Have a look at this diagram.

Enter the start field so that the program recognises the table:
{{s-start}}
Enter the name of the predecessor:
{{s-bef|before=[[Enter predecessor here]]}}
Enter the title of the person on whose page you are working:
{{s-ttl|title=[[Enter title here]]
Also, enter the years during which they held that title (not necessarily in a different line):
|years=Enter start date hereEnter end date here}}
Enter the name of the successor:
{{s-aft|after=[[Enter successor here]]}}
Once everything is done, type:
{{end}}

This is an example of the technique. Writing…

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Martin}}
{{s-ttl|title=King of Europe
|years=1492 – 1528}}
{{s-aft|after=Robert}}
{{end}}

…will produce this:

Ізашары:
Martin
King of Europe
1492 – 1528
Ізбасары:
Robert

Note the absence of double square brackets in the names of the predecessor and the successor and in the name of the title in this example; their presence allows for the names in the table to link to their respective articles, and were omitted here because these specific names do not correspond to articles in Wikipedia. Although it is strongly suggested that you do link the names in the tables even if they do not have their own article for the time being (resulting in a red link), there can be exceptions.

It is encouraged that you include the title-holder's dates of term or reign whenever possible; if a date is dubious or disputed, use the s-ref template to include references that will back up that date (see the relevant section for details). Please do not link the dates except in a limited number of cases, which are described in the SBS Guidelines page.

Advanced boxes

Many people, like monarchs and prime ministers, active businesspeople, prominent scientists and talented athletes have held multiple offices and/or titles in their life. As it would be unwieldy to create separate boxes for all these titles, we include all of them in a single succession box. Thus, each article has one box at the bottom, which is easier to manage and more aesthetically pleasing.

In some cases, succession boxes consist of many separate rows that are made up of the previous section's simple boxes, and thus their creation follows more or less the same rules; the only difference is that special care should be given to the placement and relative order of said simple boxes, as well as to the inclusion of |- between the lines where necessary.

In other occasions, a person might inherit more than one titles from a single individual, and/or pass multiple titles on to one person. The several separate crowns of the Commonwealth Realms, held by the same Queen, are one good example (see Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom). It is also possible that someone might take over an office from two different people who had held it jointly until then, or join several different titles into one that will be inherited by a single heir.

For these, and other scenarios, it is possible to create succession boxes that can clearly show those connections by making use of the advanced features of the hereinbefore presented succession template model. The system for the advanced boxes is slightly different from the simple forms demonstrated in the previous section, and it relies heavily on the |- character, as well as on the correct counting of the rows.

Counting the rows

Basically, the format is the following: if a box is taking up more than one rows of the table, it can be specified how many rows exactly that will be by inserting a row parameter immediately after the template name (s-… field) and before every other parameter. That can be done by typing:

{{s-...|row=Insert number of rows here|...}}

The number corresponds to the number of rows this name or title overlaps in regard to the other rows, as opposed to denoting a specific height for a cell. In other words, if all three cells of a line were given a "rows=2" parameter, the box would appear as if none of these cells was assigned a rows parameter.

The titles in succession boxes are usually listed in the order of the granting of the title—beginning with the oldest titles held—but other schemes exist as well. All notable successive titles should be noted, though titles tied together permanently can be listed in the same cell and some subsidiary titles may be omitted altogether. (See the Guidelines for more details.)

The |- character

In theory, it is necessary for the box to work to place |- between every line of the box, even if every cell is restricted to its own line. However, this character is already imbedded into most of the templates, so it is no longer necessary to add it to boxes that consist of simple one-row lines, with the exceptions of templates s-vac and s-non: if a line ends with one of these template, you need to place this character or the computer will not recognize a new row. Similarly, if a line begins with s-vac, the character must be placed before that row.

Still, things are different with more complex tables that incorporate multiple-row cells covering more than one lines each. Complex patterns are created and it is not always easy for the computer to display all the lines correctly. This is why the |- character is so important in these cases, and although its placement is unneeded between many of the lines, it is much more preferable to use it redundantly in a table than to create a non-functional box, where it will often be difficult to locate the mistake.

That said, and even though it is a safe option to place |- between every pair of lines in a box, it is naturally better to avoid such practices to the extent this is possible. Here follow a few simple tips that can limit its redundant usage to a minimum without leading to mistakes:

  • When considering the placement of |-, it is important to note the presence or absence of succession templates in a line. That is, a template for a multiple-line cell is always placed at the line from which the cell starts, therefore that line has a template for that cell while the other lines that share the cell do not. As a result, a line from which multi-line cells begin but into which no cell continues from a higher line has templates for all three cells and there is not any need to place the character before it unless the previous line itself lacks more than one templates.
In the following example, note the lack of the |- character between the first and the second line and, more importantly, between the fourth and fifth lines:
{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before}}
{{s-ttl|title=|years=}}
{{s-aft|after=}}
{{s-bef|rows=2|before=}}
{{s-ttl|title=|years=}}
{{s-aft|rows=3|after=}}
|-
{{s-ttl|title=|years=}}
|-
{{s-bef|before=}}
{{s-ttl|title=|years=}}
{{s-bef|before=}}
{{s-ttl|title=|years=}}
{{s-aft|after=}}
{{end}}
  • When only the predecessor cell of a line stretches between the line in question and a previous one (it does not matter whether it continues into a lower line), the |- character needs not be inserted between that line and the previous one. Similarly, if only the successor cell covers multiple lines and begins in a line above the one in question, then the |- that could follow the concerned line's s-ttl parameter can be omitted. And the situation is even easier with a multi-row title cell, as it is usually not directly affected by line changes. Generally, it is easier for the computer to separate the lines when only one template is missing from a row's three.
  • Always use the preview button before saving. If you are not certain about the inclusion of a |- character, you can try removing it and then previewing the page; if a succession box has an error, that will generally be readily visible. Keep in mind that each line ought to have three cells, each line and column should align perfectly, and the two side columns should have the same width.

Have a look at the following example. In its first iteration (left), the |- character is used to separate every line from its previous and next ones. In its second version (right), the character is used only as many times as it is necessary for the box to work properly: none. The result is exactly the same in both cases, and can be seen below the code.

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Mary}}
{{s-ttl|rows=2|title=President of the Balkans
|years=1982 – 1992}}
{{s-aft|after=William}}
|-
{{s-bef|rows=2|before=Nicholas}}
{{s-aft|after=William}}
|-
{{s-ttl|title=King of New Zealand
|years=1990 – 1997}}
{{s-aft|after=Helen}}
|-
{{s-bef|before=Richard}}
{{s-ttl|title=King of Southeast Asia
|years=1990 – present}}
{{s-inc|rows=2|heir=Lee}}
|-
{{s-bef|before=George}}
{{s-ttl|title=Governor of Borneo
|years=2003 – present}}
{{end}}

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Mary}}
{{s-ttl|rows=2|title=President of the Balkans
|years=1982 – 1992}}
{{s-aft|after=William}}
{{s-bef|rows=2|before=Nicholas}}
{{s-aft|after=Edgar}}
{{s-ttl|title=King of New Zealand
|years=1990 – 1997}}
{{s-aft|after=Helen}}
{{s-bef|before=Richard}}
{{s-ttl|title=King of Southeast Asia
|years=1990 – present}}
{{s-inc|rows=2|heir=Lee}}
{{s-bef|before=George}}
{{s-ttl|title=Governor of Borneo
|years=2003 – present}}
{{end}}

Ізашары:
Mary
President of the Balkans
1982 – 1992
Ізбасары:
William
Ізашары:
Nicholas
Ізбасары:
Edgar
King of New Zealand
1990 – 1997
Ізбасары:
Helen
Ізашары:
Richard
King of Southeast Asia
1990 – present
Incumbent
Designated heir:
Lee
Ізашары:
George
Governor of Borneo
2003 – present

Analysis of succession templates

Here follows a detailed description of the succession templates, with information about the circumstances in which they are used and examples of their use in succession boxes. The five basic templates are not included, as their function is standard (see previous section) and their parameters are documented separately lower in this page.

The templates are analysed in sections according to their place in succession boxes.

Predecessor/successor templates

These are the templates that are used to substitute s-bef and/or s-aft when a box documents a succession different from the usual format of "predecessor-subject-successor", like at the beginning or end of a succession chain and at a vacancy. The templates in this category are five: s-new, s-non, s-inc, s-urp, and s-vac.

S-new

S-new is used instead of s-bef to signify the beginning of a new succession chain, where there is no predecessor before the subject for a specific title. Titles can be created any time and for any reason: along with the birth of new states, in times of governmental reform, and at the creation of new political parties, educational institutions, electoral districts/constituencies, or other foundations or entities.

Simply using {{s-new}} will produce a simple "New title" cell. Using parameters can change this title: "creation" produces a "New creation" cell instead of the "New title" one, "party" produces a "New political party" one etc. (see the template page for an exhaustive list). There is also a "reason" parameter, which gives the option of entering the reason behind the title's creation, using a short sentence.

Template:s-new (with others)

{{s-start}}
{{s-new|reason=Enter reason for title}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here}}
{{s-aft|after=Insert successor here}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

New title
Conquest of Africa
King of Africa
1820 – 1830
Ізбасары:
Amal

S-non

S-non is the opposite of s-new: it is used to signal the conclusion of a chain of succession, replacing s-aft in the box's successor cell. All titles at one time or another expire, become extinct, are abolished, or otherwise fall in disuse, and those that have not yet met such a fate will undoubtedly do so in the future.

As the reasons for the end of a title are more numerous and possibly more difficult to describe than those for its creation, s-non is an open template, allowing for the insertion of practically any message (using the "reason" parameter, which cannot be omitted). It is preferable, however, that these messages are as short as possible, and there are many such labels whose usage is dictated by guidelines, like "Extinct" and "Merged in the Crown" for peerages, "Office abolished" for offices, and "District eliminated" for electoral districts.

S-non must be followed by a |- character in complex tables, or error might occur in the display of these succession boxes.

Here follow three examples of Template:S-non from three different succession boxes:

Template:s-non (with others)

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Insert predecessor here}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here}}
{{s-non|reason=Give brief reason why no more title}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Ізашары:
Chinggis
King of Asia
1263 – 1320
Conquest by
Arabian Empire

S-inc

S-inc is used instead of s-aft to show that the subject is the current holder of a title, and that for this reason there is no successor to the title for the duration of the subject's term. There are incumbents for all succession chains that have not already ended, with the exception of those currently vacant.

One will normally use the proper s-inc template, {{s-inc}}, which will produce a plain "Incumbent" cell. There are two parameters that can change this title: "recent" produces a "Most recent" cell, suitable for awards and election candidacies, and "current" produces a "Current holder" cell, fit for holders of records and trophies. Along with the aforementioned ones, there is the "heir" parameter, which allows one to include the name of the incumbent's heir (if any).

Template:s-inc (with others)

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Insert predecessor here}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert start year here – present}}
{{s-inc|heir=Insert designated heir here}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Ізашары:
George
King of North America
2001 – present
Incumbent
Designated heir:
Wilfred

S-urp

S-urp may be used in place of either s-bef or s-aft (or both in the same box) to denote that a title has been usurped and the succession has not occurred properly. Mostly used for monarchical titles, this template shows that the subject undeniably exercises the title's powers as its de facto holder, and constitutes part of the succession chain.

There are four versions of the s-urp template, differentiated by the use of parameters: writing {{s-urp|from=...}} results in an "Usurped from" cell, a "reform" parameter creates a "Reclaimed from" cell, a "by" parameter produces an "Usurped by" cell, and a "reby" parameters makes the message "Reclaimed by" appear. The first two parameters ought to be used in the predecessor cell, while the last two are only suitable for the successor cell.

Template:s-urp (with others)

Example 1:

{{s-start}}
{{s-urp|from=Enter person from whom title was usurped}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here}}
{{s-urp|reby=Enter person who reclaimed title}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Үлгі:S-urp
King of the World
1901 – 1905

Үлгі:S-urp

Example 2:

{{s-start}}
{{s-urp|refrom=Enter person from whom title was reclaimed}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here}}
{{s-urp|by=Enter person who usurped title}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Үлгі:S-urp
King of the World
1905 – 1912

Үлгі:S-urp

S-vac

Like s-urp, s-vac may be used in both the predecessor and the successor cell, and its purpose is to indicate vacancies. A vacancy is a length of time during which a title is unoccupied—for monarchs, such periods are known as interregna. Vacancies occur to most offices, although it should be noted that the short period that often passes between the end of the previous holder's term and the election/appointment of the next holder does not count as a vacancy.

There are two versions for s-vac, each of which requires a parameter. The version for the predecessor cell uses a "last" parameter, where the name of the title's holder before the vacancy can be filled, while the version for the successor cell uses the parameter "next". Furthermore, there are parameters that change the message displayed ("Vacant"), depending on the specific circumstances: "commission" produces an "In commission" label and "suspended" produces a "Suspended" one, to furnish two examples (see the template page for an exhaustive list).

There is also an optional "as" parameter, for changes of title names (see the relevant section lower in this page).

Note that s-vac must be preceded (when a predecessor cell) or followed (when a successor cell) by a |- character in succession boxes, because serious errors can occur in the display of these boxes if the character is omitted. The first and last lines of each table are excepted, as it is not necessary to add the character before the first line and after the last one.

Template:s-vac (with others)

To create a table that begins with a vacant title, use this (example with reason):

{{s-start}}
{{s-vac|last=Enter last person to hold title|reason=Enter reason why vacancy}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here}}
{{s-aft|after=Insert successor here}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Үлгі:S-vac
King of Madagascar
1620 – 1641
Ізбасары:
Windig

To create a table that ends with a vacant title, use this (example without reason):

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Insert predecessor here}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here}}
{{s-vac|next=Enter next person to hold title}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Ізашары:
Naga
Dictator of Japan
1912 – 1934

Үлгі:S-vac

In multiple row tables (see the relevant section) it is necessary to add |- after a line that ends with this template, so that the computer can recognise the new row (unless the line that ends with s-vac is the last one in the Wikitable).

Titles and offices

The only title cell template other than s-ttl is s-tul and it is used for titular titles or titles held in pretence. For other forms and functions of s-ttl, see the "Additional features" section.

S-tul

S-tul is used instead of s-ttl to signify that a title (usually a regnal one) is held by a person, but the power normally associated with it is not. This may take two forms: titular rulers and pretenders.

Titular rulers are people who legitimately deserve a title yet are somehow incapable of securing it, as in the case of Louis XVII of France, heir to the throne during the early years of the French Revolution. Generally, a titular ruler's title will again be inherited by someone with power and remains only temporarily suspended. There is generally only one titular claimant to a title.

Pretenders are people who may or may not have a rightful claim to a title, but regardless do not possess any legitimate authority. Perhaps the most famous pretenders were Prince James Francis Edward Stuart and his son, Bonnie Prince Charles, who were respectively known to the Jacobites as James III and VIII and Charles III but nicknamed by others the Old Pretender and the Young Pretender. While James Stuart was the legitimate heir to his father, the Glorious Revolution irrevocably overruled that power in favour of his half-sister. Therefore, he lost his legitimacy to govern but still claimed his hereditary titles, as did his son. Pretenders are not always successive, as titular leaders generally are, and there can be multiple pretenders at the same time (as in France's Legitimists and Orleanists).

S-tul is used for the above described cases because of its basic difference from s-ttl: the word "Titular" appears above the title in the displayed cell. Apart from the obligatory "title" parameter and the optional but basic "years" parameter (as well as the omnipresent "rows" parameter), this template accepts no parameters.

Template:s-tul (with others)

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Insert predecessor here}}
{{s-tul|title=Enter title|years=Enter years claimed|reason=Enter reason why titular/pretender}}
{{s-aft|after=Insert successor here}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Ізашары:
Andrew

Үлгі:S-tul

Ізбасары:
Christian

Additional features

As the purpose of succession boxes is to succinctly convey useful information to the readers, there exist parameters that allow the introduction of data into the boxes beyond the already examined capabilities of the succession templates. In particular, there are nine parameters: the "as" parameter, which is used in predecessor and successor cells, and the "regents" family along with the "alongside" and "lords" parameters for the title cell. All of them are optional.

"As" parameter

The parameter as, which can be found in the s-bef, s-aft, and s-vac templates, is used to inform the reader of a change in the title's name from the previous or next holder. In these cases, even though the title retains more or less the same power and the succession chain is not interrupted, the title's name is different. As readers might be confused to see the title suddenly change during the course of a succession chain, the "as" parameter is used to prepare them for the impending change in both directions, added to both the succession box before and the one after the name change.

Please note that certain changes in title names, like the inclusion in a title of "Queen" instead of "King", or that of other gender-specific words, need not be clarified with the "as" parameter.

Template:s-bef with as parameter (with other templates)

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Insert predecessor here|as=Enter predecessor's title}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here}}
{{s-aft|after=Insert successor here}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Ізашары:
Juan
Prince of the West Indies болып
Prince of the Caribbean
1836 – 1847
Ізбасары:
Ramon

Template:s-aft with as parameter (with other templates)

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Insert predecessor here}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here}}
{{s-aft|after=Insert successor here|as=Enter successor's title}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Ізашары:
Brigitte
Countess of the Rhein
1797 – 1803
Ізбасары:
Kurt
Duke of the Rhein болып

"Regents" parameter

This is a group of six parameters, which are used exclusively in s-ttl in order to indicate regencies and other joint occupations of offices and titles. This characterisation applies to occupation of the very same office, and not of similar ones (as is the case with parliamentary seats—see the next section on the "alongside" parameter). Each cell supports up to three regents, whose names can be inserted into parameters "regent1", "regent2", and "regent3" respectively; if there are less than three regents only the first one or two parameters need be used.

For each of the regents there is a corresponding parameter for the years during which they held the office jointly with the subject: "years1", "years2", and "years3". If a regent held the title during the entire term of the subject, however, no years are necessary. The order of the regents should be chronological, with the one assuming the office earlier coming first; if a regent held the office throughout the subject's term (no regency dates), that regent ought to have precedence.

Template:s-ttl with regents parameters (with other templates)

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Insert predecessor here}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here ::<nowiki>|regent1=Enter name or title of first (or only) regent|years1=Enter first regent's years}}
|regent2=Enter name of title of second regent|years2=Enter second regent's years}}
|regent3=Enter name or title of third regent|years3=Enter third regent's years}}
{{s-aft|after=Insert successor here}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Ізашары:
Philip
Queen of Antarctica
1889 – 1914
with Philip (1889 – 1897)
Anthony (1889 – 1895)
Elizabeth (1895 – 1897)
Ізбасары:
Margaret

"Alongside" parameter

The purpose of the "alongside" parameter, used in the s-ttl template, is to show that the subject has served in a parliament or congress for the same constituency, district, state, or other kind of electoral division, as long as that division traditionally elects between two and four representatives. The ultimate number of names that is filled in the parameter is equal to, or greater than, the number of the seats in the district in question minus one, and greatly depends on the length of the subject's term. There are no years for this parameter, and the names are only separated by commas; line breaks (<br />) can be used to improve the box's layout.

Template:s-ttl with alongside parameters (with other templates)

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Insert predecessor here}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here
|alongside=Enter name(s) of colleagues}}
{{s-aft|after=Insert successor here}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Ізашары:
Edmund
Member for Falkland University
1582 – 1618
Served alongside: Percy, Elizabeth, George
Ізбасары:
Richard

"Lords" parameter

The "lords" parameter (again, only found in s-ttl) shows that a person is a member of the House of Lords, and gives the years for which that membership lasted. These years are entered into the "lords" parameter, and their inclusion is compulsory. As all peers in the peerages of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom were automatically entitled to a seat in the Lords before the 1999 reform of the House, the years of their membership were more or less coterminous with those of their holding the peerage titles granting them their seats, and thus the "lords" parameter can be omitted in those cases. On the other hand, the parameter is useful for representative peers, for peers who lost their seats in the Lords in 1999, and for bishops of the Church of England.

Template:s-ttl with the lords parameter (with other templates)

{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|before=Insert predecessor here}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title of person here|years=Insert years here|lords=Enter years in Lords}}
{{s-aft|after=Insert successor here}}
{{end}}

Which looks like:

Ізашары:
Nicholas
Duke of the Celtic Sea
1716 – 1741
Member of the House of Lords
(1720 – 1741)
Ізбасары:
David

Optional s-related templates

In addition to the three basic templates (s-bef, s-ttl, and s-aft) and their substitutes, there are four kinds of templates that may be completely omitted from a succession box depending on the circumstances. These include templates s-hou, s-ref, and an assortment of header templates.

S-hou

This template is generally for use with monarchs or other rulers. It is placed at the top of a succession box, directly beneath the s-start, and establishes which royal house a person belongs to, giving their birth and death dates.

If you do not know the day and month, leave a | (a pipe) and fill out the rest (leaving the space for the unknown date blank). For unknown birth or death dates, type Unknown; for living people, type Living; if no dates or years are known whatsoever, leave all four fields blank and the date line will not appear in the box.

If there is such information available, you may also include the cadet branch information for the royal house. For more questions concerning this topic, see Cadet branch. Furthermore, the article title will normally appear at the top of the box as the name of the subject; if you believe that title is not the proper name for the subject, insert the alternative at the end of the template and it will appear in the box instead.

Template:s-hou (with others)

{{s-start}}
{{s-hou|Enter name of house|Day and month of birth|Year of birth|Day and month of death|Year of death|Parent house|Alternative name}}
{{s-bef|before=Insert predecessor here}}
{{s-ttl|title=Insert title here
|years=Insert start date hereInsert end date here}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Insert successor here]]}}
{{end}}

Which will look something like this:

S-start
House of Lucanzzo
Cadet branch of the House of Petre
Туған күні: 18 March 1920 Қайтыс болған күні: 31 December 1987
Ізашары:
Albert
King of Greenland
1972 – 1987
Ізбасары:
Francois

S-ref

Template s-ref exists for the purpose of sourcing a succession table. Considering the effort put by Wikipedia to qualify all articles on the site, this template should be used in all succession boxes whenever possible. It is designed to host individual references based on whatever medium preferred, except, of course, other Wikipedia article links; Wikipedia should not be used to verify itself.

To use, type the following after completing a succession box (instead of {{end}} or {{s-end}}):

{{s-ref|Write out source 1 here|Write out source 2 here|Write out source 3 here}}

After adding, you do not need to add template end to close the succession box, as that is included in this template. The template can support up to 10 different sources.

It will result in the following added to the bottom of any succession box:

Үлгі:S-ref Sources should be written according to the instructions found in Wikipedia:Citing sources. For each source, add a superscript number (1, 2, and so on) at the name or date in the succession box that is referenced; you can do this by enclosing the number in <sup></sup> or, for numbers from 1 to 3, by using the numbers from the character box under the edit window.

Headers

Headers are coloured horizontal bars that help categorise offices and titles in succession boxes. Each header is placed above one or more succession lines of the same type (more specifically, the type given in the header), effectively organising the boxes. Each header has a different colour, something which eases navigation in large succession boxes. Another characteristic that aids quick navigation is that the headers (and the succession lines beneath them) are placed in a specific order (found in SBS's Guidelines page).

Apart from lessening the feeling of confusion large succession boxes create to the reader, headers also provide useful disambiguation information by naming specific legislative bodies, religions, peerages etc. to which the titles below these headers belong. This can be done by using parameters, each producing a different variant of the basic template created by the unparametered header templates, with the same colour but different, though similar, text. Parameters also create headers for different subtypes of offices which are not populous enough as categories to allow for separate header templates.

A list of header templates (in alphabetical order) follows.

  • {{s-aca}} — Academic offices (Positions like university provosts, chancellors, etc.)
  • {{s-ach}} — Awards and Achievements; requires one of the following parameters:
    • {{s-ach|ach}} — Achievements
    • {{s-ach|achievements}} — Achievements
    • {{s-ach|aw}} — Awards
    • {{s-ach|awards}} — Awards
    • {{s-ach|rec}} — Records
    • {{s-ach|records}} — Records
  • {{s-bus}} — Business positions
  • {{s-civ}} — Civic offices; can be further specialised:
    • {{s-civ|pol}} — Police appointments, (Positions like police chiefs, commissioners etc.)
    • {{s-civ|fir}} — Fire appointments, (Positions like fire chiefs, senior fire officers etc.)
    • {{s-civ|med}} — Medical appointments
  • {{s-court}} — Royal court positions (Chamberlains, Wardrobe Masters etc.)
  • {{s-culture}} — Cultural offices (Senior positions in major cultural institutions and organisations)
  • {{s-dip}} — Diplomatic posts (Ambassadors etc.)
  • {{s-edu}} — Cultural and educational offices
  • {{s-gov}} — Government offices (Appointed governors, civil servants etc.)
  • {{s-herald}} — Heraldic offices (Kings of Arms, Heralds etc.)
  • {{s-hon}} — Honorary offices (This is a vague description and should be used with caution)
  • {{s-legal}} — Legal offices (Solicitors general, district attorneys etc.)
  • {{s-lit}} — Literary series
  • {{s-media}} — Media offices (Important positions in large newspapers, TV channels etc.)
  • {{s-mil}} — Military offices (Chiefs of Staff, Commanders-in-Chief etc.) Used for army, navy and air force appointments.
  • {{s-off}} — Political offices
  • {{s-ppo}} — Party political offices (Party leaders etc.)
  • {{s-pre}} — Titles in pretence (Includes all titles held in pretence)
  • {{s-npo}} — Nop-profit organizations
    • {{s-npo|bsa}} — Boy Scouts of America
    • {{s-npo|gsusa}} — Girl Scouts of the USA
  • {{s-sports}} — Sporting positions (Champions, sport award winners, sport clubs' presidents etc.)
  • {{s-other}} — Other offices (Not belonging to any other category)
  • {{s-wea}} — Weather by year, requires one of the following parameters:


Here are examples for each of the above templates (in order):

Ғылыми және академиялық лауазымдар {{s-aca}}
Achievements {{s-ach|ach}}

Үлгі:S-awards

{{s-ach|aw}}

Үлгі:S-bus

{{s-bus}}

Үлгі:S-civ

{{s-civ}}

Үлгі:S-court

{{s-court}}

Үлгі:S-culture

{{s-culture}}

Үлгі:S-dip

{{s-dip}}

Үлгі:S-gov

{{s-gov}}

Үлгі:S-herald

{{s-herald}}

Үлгі:S-hon

{{s-hon}}

Үлгі:S-legal

{{s-legal}}

Үлгі:S-lit

{{s-lit}}

Үлгі:S-media

{{s-media}}
Әскери қызметтері {{s-mil}}

Үлгі:S-npo

{{s-npo}}
Саяси қызметтері {{s-off}}

Үлгі:S-par

{{s-par|uk}}
Партиялық қызметтері {{s-ppo}}

Үлгі:S-pre

{{s-pre}}

Үлгі:S-prec

{{s-prec}}
Regnal titles {{s-reg}}

Үлгі:S-rel

{{s-rel}}
Royal titles {{s-roy}}

Үлгі:S-sports

{{s-sports}}

Үлгі:S-wea

{{s-wea|glo}}

Үлгі:S-other

{{s-other}}

Complete example

Using the rows feature of the templates, very advanced tables can be created to help in situations with people who hold many posts, especially British Prime Ministers. The following is a hypothetical chart with at least one use of all the forms above:

Үлгі:S-vac
S-start
House of San Miguel
Cadet branch of the House of López
Туған күні: 19 January 1958 Қайтыс болған күні: Living
Regnal titles
New title
Dowry from father
Queen of India
1972 – 1983
with Michael (1972 – 1975)
Ізбасары:
Arnold
Ізашары:
Elizabeth
Lady Supreme of Oceana
1975 – 1983

Үлгі:S-vac

Empress of Arabia
1975 – 1993
Title merged with
Great Khanna of Asia
Grand Duchess of Europa
1975 – 1999
Ізбасары:
Felicia
Chief Sultana of Africa
1993 – 1999
New title
Consolidation of Asia
Great Khanna of Asia
1993 – present
Incumbent
Designated heir:
Marcus
Ізашары:
Diane

Үлгі:S-tul Үлгі:S-ref

Үлгіні өңдеген кезде абай болыңыз!